A brief History of Btech education in India

Rapid modernization of our society created a great demand for engineers and technically educated minds. Though engineering and Technical education in India have been developing faster than anywhere else in the world since the early eighties, due to rapid industrialization and economic growth it is in the all time high irrespective of the global slow down.. Indian now has the second largest number of engineering students in the world. English is the only medium if instructions in all engineering institutions. In a recent assessment by the United Nations, the Indian economy was rated as the sixth largest in the world and is expected to move into the fourth place by the end of this century Recent advances in scientific, industrial and technological areas, particularly in space, nuclear and missile technology, computer engineering and information science have earned India world recognition as an emerging global power.
Origin of the word “engineering” is from the Latin word “ingeniare” means “to design” or “to create”. Engineering can be defined as “the branch of science and technology concerned with the design, building, and use of engines, machines and structures” and “technology” as the “application of scientific knowledge for practical purpose, especially in industry”. Engineering education in India has started long back in the year 1847. In that year was established the Thomason College of Civil Engineering at Roorkee, later to become the Roorkee University (1949), the first engineering university in the country. The development of technical education has been one of the major achievements of the post-Independence period.
The growth of educational facilities has been phenomenal during the last decade. The out turn of graduates in engineering doubled within a span of 10 years from about 30,000 in 1987 to 60,000 in 1996. In view of the large-scale proliferation of institutions, the AICTE is keen to ensure that the quality of programmes offered by them is not compromised with. It has, therefore, setup the National Board of Accreditation (NBA) which has introduced a system of accreditation of each program offered by the recognized institutions.
Civil engineering is considered to be the oldest of the main branches of engineering. Two other comparatively older branches are Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. As a result of scientific and technology breakthroughs, today new fields of engineering and technology are continually emerging. At the same time, boundaries between various branches are becoming less and less clear-cut.

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